FxP

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FxP son las siglas de File eXchange Protocol, un método de transferencia de datos que utiliza FTP (File Transfer Protocol<ref>''[http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ftp File Transfer Protocol]''. Es.Wikipedia) para subir y bajar datos de un servidor remoto a otro, sin que estos datos deban pasar a través de la conexión del cliente<ref>''[http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP File eXchange Protocol]''. Es.Wikipedia</ref>, así la transferencia se hace a alta velocidad (la de los servidores).
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FxP son las siglas de File eXchange Protocol, un método de transferencia de datos que utiliza FTP (File Transfer Protocol<ref>''[http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ftp File Transfer Protocol]''. Es.Wikipedia</ref> para subir y bajar datos de un servidor remoto a otro, sin que estos datos deban pasar a través de la conexión del cliente<ref>''[http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP File eXchange Protocol]''. Es.Wikipedia</ref>, así la transferencia se hace a alta velocidad (la de los servidores).
  
 
De este método de transferir datos nacieron los foros de FxP, cuyos miembros compartían usualmente [[warez]] almacenado en servidores de este tipo. Según la Wikipedia, "los foros FxP difieron del resto por el hecho de tener una membresía muy selectiva, permitir el acceso público por un tiempo limitado y cerrar hasta próximo aviso".<ref>''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP_board FXP board]''. En.Wikipedia</ref>
 
De este método de transferir datos nacieron los foros de FxP, cuyos miembros compartían usualmente [[warez]] almacenado en servidores de este tipo. Según la Wikipedia, "los foros FxP difieron del resto por el hecho de tener una membresía muy selectiva, permitir el acceso público por un tiempo limitado y cerrar hasta próximo aviso".<ref>''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP_board FXP board]''. En.Wikipedia</ref>
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A method against retagging is dir locking. This is used in pubbing to stop people which are not allowed to get into the directory of the tagger (and slowing the server down). There are a couple or dir locking tricks. The first and easiest is to make a maze. When you make a maze you just make a lot directories and other people would never know in what map your stuff is since you would have to try them all out. Second is UNIX tagging. That's about a the magical character, the ÿ (alt+0255) which is an escape character on UNIX machines. When give a directory a name containing that character, the name will be displayed different then when you typed. The creator can get in by typing in the original name. Last is dir locking NT systems. More about this and other dir locking here.
 
A method against retagging is dir locking. This is used in pubbing to stop people which are not allowed to get into the directory of the tagger (and slowing the server down). There are a couple or dir locking tricks. The first and easiest is to make a maze. When you make a maze you just make a lot directories and other people would never know in what map your stuff is since you would have to try them all out. Second is UNIX tagging. That's about a the magical character, the ÿ (alt+0255) which is an escape character on UNIX machines. When give a directory a name containing that character, the name will be displayed different then when you typed. The creator can get in by typing in the original name. Last is dir locking NT systems. More about this and other dir locking here.
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==Notas==
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<references/>
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[[Category: Jargon]]
 
[[Category: Jargon]]

Revision as of 10:31, 11 March 2013

Staff Zap (Under Construction)black.jpg

FxP son las siglas de File eXchange Protocol, un método de transferencia de datos que utiliza FTP (File Transfer Protocol[1] para subir y bajar datos de un servidor remoto a otro, sin que estos datos deban pasar a través de la conexión del cliente[2], así la transferencia se hace a alta velocidad (la de los servidores).

De este método de transferir datos nacieron los foros de FxP, cuyos miembros compartían usualmente warez almacenado en servidores de este tipo. Según la Wikipedia, "los foros FxP difieron del resto por el hecho de tener una membresía muy selectiva, permitir el acceso público por un tiempo limitado y cerrar hasta próximo aviso".[3]

Los servidores de FxP podían ser propiedad de personas que tenían conexiones potentes, como una línea dedicada[4] o RDSI[5], cuando no existía ADSL[6]. Pero muchas veces, en los primeros tiempos, los servidores de FxP no eran propiedad de alguien del grupo sino servidores de universidades o empresas, asaltados y reconvertidos en repositorios de programas o juegos crackeados.

Lo del FxP era un programa que te hacía un escaneo de IPs y, a través de los famosos "bugs" de Internet Information Server (IIS) de Microsoft, ejecutaba un exploit en cada uno de los IIS. A través de aquí, tenías que crear un FTP en otro puerto que no fuese el 21. Finalmente, se entregaba la IP del servidor asaltado a una persona que le metía todo tipo de programas y se hacían los intercambios mediante IRC o foros. Uno de aquellos grupos era http://pc-fxp.tripod.com/pc101.htm [7]

Los miembros de los grupos de FxP estaban estructurados según su función: los escaneadores rastreaban Internet a la búsqueda de ordenadores que tuviesen conexiones potentes a la red y fuesen vulnerables. Cunando encontraban uno, pasaban la información a los hackers. Estos se encargaban de asaltar el ordenador e instalarle un servidor de FTP. Por último, los



There are several types of members of FXP boards, each with their own job: Scanners scan IP ranges for vulnerable computers with a fast internet connection. Once a vulnerable system has been found, the information is passed on to the rest of the board and subsequently the "hackers". Hackers gain access to and install an FTP server on the systems the scanners have found using different tools depending on the vulnerability. Fillers add Warez to the FTP server, transferring files via FXP from other sources to the newly compromised servers once the "hackers" have posted the admin details for the FTP servers.

Most fxp boards have a time limit on the release time before the release can be posted as a "race". If the release is complete and posted after the pre limit it should be posted as a normal fill in a mirror section. If it is still posted in the race area is will be nuked and moved to the appropriate section.

FXP boards are the main reason for lots of activity on FTP servers, as the links are posted on multiple boards. Leechers soon exploit the servers, sometimes causing a huge slow-down due to consumed bandwidth.



El que feia la gent entrava en un grup IRC/fòrum i primer de tot et tenies que donar conèixer amb un nick aportant alguna cosa, el que jo recordo que la persona estava en varis grups i es anaven intercanviant la informació de grup a grup (ja sigues una ip per afegir el programari que és el que feia jo o gent que afegia les ultimes novetats de programari,mp3s..), es pot dir que seria una comunitat p2p pro il·legal en aquell temps.[2], +o- és el que fa ara la gent sempre en les xarxes socials.

En aquells temps havia gent que tenien una T1 [1], desconec de quin lloc sortien aquestes línies, suposo que serien a traves de les universitats o treballs, pensa que tampoc no era plan de preguntar per motius de privacitat no??

La gent compartia el seu espai mitjançant amb el FTP per afegir el programari que podia tenir, també ho podies fer amb una RSDI d'un canal (54 kbs) o de 2 (128 kb), Mòdem o directament d'un FTP amb algun bug que tenia a traves dels famosos IIS 4.0 i afegia el programari, pro si tenies una ip podies transferir la informació amb el amb un client del ftp

Suposo que és el que comentes tu amb les paraules del file exchange protocol, el que es feia era de connectar un ftp amb un altre i utilitzar l'ample de banda del ftp i no de la connexió que tenies en aquell moment.

Finalment et recomano aquesta web, jo crec que pots extreure alguna informació sobre el funcionament del FxP si tens ganes de profundir el tema http://scenegrouplist.com/scene_info_About_the_scene_tsh.php

[1] http://es.kioskea.net/contents/technologies/tx.php3 [2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP_board


se habla de ello en Ataque Universitat Rovira i Virgili


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FXP_board

http://scenegrouplist.com/scene_info_About_the_scene_tsh.php

What is the scene?

The Scene The scene aka the warez scene is the pretty unknown worldwide network where people trade pirated goods, like dvd's, movies, games, applications etc. Warez refers primarily to copyrighted material traded in violation of its copyright license. It does not refer to commercial for-profit software counterfeiting. First warez is released by releasegroups, groups which are specialized in publishing warez. They copy a dvd or break the security of game, and will make it available for other people, as a so-called release. When these releasegroups finish a release it will be uploaded to sites. These sites are very fast private ftp-servers, and the first stadium in the distribution of a release. Eventually, at the end of the distribution, the releases are available for everyone on p2p-software.

The speed of this worldwide network is enormous. Within minutes a release can be copied to hundreds of other sites. Within an hour, it's available on thousands of sites and fxp boards.

Within a day or two it's available on newsgroups, irc and in the end, on p2p-software. It's not all one big happy family. The warez scene consists of certain groups/layers. At the top we have the releasegroups and the topsites. These groups are the scene core. The other groups officially are not a part of the scene. Though most people consist them as a part of the scene. Read more about the scene hierarchy here..

The scene isn't just a distribution network, it's far more than that. There are the scene rules which are there to guarantee good quality releases. If not, a release will be nuked. This means it will be marked as bad. Nuked releases are not spread well and the releasegroup will get a bad status. More about how the scene works, and the scene system, click here.

Security is an important issue in the scene. Since their activities are illegal the sceners have to secure themselves, to be safe from the anti-piracy organisations (such as the feds, national anti-piracy organisations, etc) and avoid being caught in a takedown.


The scene is build up in a certain hierarchy. To explain the structure of this, here is a global overview of the piracy food chain. Not all these 'layers' are considered as a part of the scene by everyone. The anti piracy organizations and most of the other parties which are not in the scene themself, do consider all these groups to the scene. Though they are not a part of the scene. In fact, the releasegroups and the people on the topsites hate these other groups. The reason for this is that fxp boards, irc traders but mostly peer to peer users bring the scene in danger. The sceners (people from the scene) want to keep the releases for a limited amount of people. Since everyone who knows how to use a computer knows how to user p2p-software, everyone would be able to download releases. This causes big losses for record labels, movie producers etc, what leads to the anti-piracy organisations, police/fbi-attention etc. On their turn, this brings the sceners in danger, so that's why they dissaprove these groups. FXP boards consider themselves in the scene. Irc-traders and newsgroups might now even know about the scene, and p2p-users defently don't know about the scene.

Here is the hierarchy:

Releasegroups - Groups of people who release the warez into the scene. Often linked with Site Traders.

Topsites - Very fast FTP servers with people who trade the releases from the above groups to other (top)sites.
FXP Boards - People who scan/hack/fill vulnerable computers with warez.
IRC Trading - Users of IRC who download from "XDCC Bots" or "Fserves".
Newsgroups - People who download from alt.binaries newsgroups.
Peer-To-Peer - Users of p2p (peer-to-peer) programs like KaZaA but also BitTorrent who share with eachother.

FXP Boards

FXP is the File eXchange Protocol. It isn't an actual protocol, just a method of transfer making use of a vulnerability in FTP. It allows the transfer of files between two FTP servers. Rather than client-to-server, the tranfer becomes server to server. The fxp'er just gives a command to 1 server to send files to the other server. FXP usually allows very fast transfer speeds although it totally depends on the connection of the servers. Still it's ussually faster since the hackers are able to hack very fast servers. The fxp boards layer in the piracy food chain is quite unknown and therefore rather safe. Though the hacker's activities are very illegal, and therefore dangerous. Security is important. The members are ussually a lot smarter than irc-traders/p2p-users and have a greater knowledge about computers and internet.

The boards usually run a vBulletin forum with custom hacks. The boards ussually don't work with a credit system. Though the admins do an user cleanup once in a while. The board's members consist of scanners, hackers, and fillers. They each have their own tasks:

The Scanner

The Scanner's job is to scan IP ranges where fast internet connection are knwon to lie (usually universities, company's, etc.) for vulnerable computers. We're talking brute forcing passwords from programs, or scanning on ports for certain programs which contain a bug. The scanner will oftten use slow previously hacked computers for his scanning (known as scanstro's), using remote scan programs. Once the scanner has gotten his results, he'll run post this at the board. This is where the Hacker" comes into play.

The Hacker

HackingHackers are the people who break into computers. There are many easy-to-exploit vulnerabilities. Hackers get in to a computer using an exploit to get in via a program's bug. An exploit is a script which uses the bug to get in the pc. The program/exploit he uses (of course) depends upon the vulnerability the scanner has scanned for.When in, the hacker runs his rootkit (a modified version of Serv-U ussually). This rootkit is the server where other people can download from. Most likely he will also install remote administrator software (ussually Radmin), so he can get in to the computer easily. Once the server is installed and working he'll post the admin logindata to the FTP server on his FXP board. Depending on the speed of the compromised computer's (aka pubstro or stro) internet connection and the hard drive space, it will be used either by a filler or a scanner.

The Filler

Filler Now if the pubstro is fast enough and has enough hard drive space, it's the filler's job to get to work filling it with the latest warez. The filler gets his warez from other ftp servers hacked/filled by other people. Fillers sometimes have site access, and fxp releases from there to their pubstro. These people who are in sites and in fxp boards are considered corrupt, and if other sceners find out, they will be scenebanned (banned from all his sites). Though it is said that it happens quite often. Once he's done fxp'ing his warez, the filler goes back to the board and posts leech logins for one and all to use. Fillers (with site access) all try to post a release the first. It's kinda like a race, who ever wins it get the most credit. The speed of these pubstro's depend on how fast the pc is they hacked. Though the hackers from these fxp-boards are rather good, and are able to hack 100mbit's.

Pub/Pubbing

Pubbing is not so important anymore nowadays. This scan/hack/fill methodes are from the old days when many university and business ftp servers had write access enabled on anonymous ftp-servers. So instead of break ing into a computer, they would just upload their warez and give the IP address to their friends. This was very popular but died out for obvious reasons. It works like this; there is someone who scans for ftp servers with anonymous logins with write-access. Once found a pub would be tagged (a folder with the name "tagged.by.name"). The idea was that if a pub was already "tagged" other pubbers would leave it alone. This apparently worked for a while, with people respecting other people's tags and leaving the pubs alone. But it certainly hasn't worked for a very long time.

A method against retagging is dir locking. This is used in pubbing to stop people which are not allowed to get into the directory of the tagger (and slowing the server down). There are a couple or dir locking tricks. The first and easiest is to make a maze. When you make a maze you just make a lot directories and other people would never know in what map your stuff is since you would have to try them all out. Second is UNIX tagging. That's about a the magical character, the ÿ (alt+0255) which is an escape character on UNIX machines. When give a directory a name containing that character, the name will be displayed different then when you typed. The creator can get in by typing in the original name. Last is dir locking NT systems. More about this and other dir locking here.


Notas

  1. File Transfer Protocol. Es.Wikipedia
  2. File eXchange Protocol. Es.Wikipedia
  3. FXP board. En.Wikipedia
  4. [ http://es.kioskea.net/contents/technologies/tx.php3 Líneas dedicadas (T1, T2, T3)]. Kioskea.net
  5. RDSI. Es.Wikipedia
  6. ADSL. Es.Wikipedia
  7. Lluís Ridao, en conversación privada
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